Isolated 4 mA to 20 mA/HART Temperature and Pressure Industrial Transmitter Using a Low Power, Precision, 24-Bit, Sigma-Delta ADC (CN0382)
The circuit shown in Figure 1 is an isolated smart industrial field instrument that interfaces to many types of analog sensors such as temperature (Pt100, Pt1000, and thermocouple) or bridge pressure sensors. The instrument communicates via a 4 mA to 20 mA analog output and a highway addressable remote transducer (HART®) interface. HART is a digital 2-way communication in which a 1 mA peak-to-peak frequency shift keyed (FSK) signal is modulated on top of the standard 4 mA to 20 mA analog current signal. The HART interface allows features such as remote calibration, fault interrogation, and transmission of process variables, which are necessary in applications such as temperature and pressure control.
The circuit uses the AD7124-4, an ultralow power, precision 24-bit, Σ-Δ analog-to-digital converter (ADC), which includes all the features needed for temperature and pressure systems. The circuit also includes the AD5421, a 16-bit, 4 mA to 20 mA, loop powered digital-to-analog converter (DAC); the AD5700, the industry’s lowest power and smallest footprint HART- compliant IC modem; the ADuM1441, which provides ultralow power serial peripheral interface (SPI) isolation; the ADG5433 CMOS switch; and the ADP162 low power, 3.3 V regulator in the isolated power circuitry.
Figure 1. 4 mA to 20 mA, Loop Powered Field Instrument with HART Interface
(Simplified Schematic: All Connections and Decoupling Not Shown)
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