5 V Regulator Supplies High Transient Current for Dynamic Power Controlled DAC (CN0198)
The circuit shown in Figure 1 provides a unique power saving solution for a digital-to-analog converter (DAC)-based, 4 mA to 20 mA output circuit. To provide sufficient headroom for typical resistive loads between 10 Ω and 1000 Ω, traditional 4 mA to 20 mA output driver stages must operate on at least 20 V (plus some additional headroom) to provide a sufficient voltage to drive high value resistive loads. For low value resistive loads, however, the fixed value, high voltage supply results in significant internal power dissipation that can affect DAC accuracy and require additional heat sinking.
The AD5755 quad 16-bit DAC has four independent high efficiency, internal dc-to-dc converters that drive the four output stages at a dynamically adjusted boost voltage based on sensing the actual output voltage of the 4 mA to 20 mA driver. The boost circuit maintains several volts of headroom on the output stage, regardless of the load resistance, thereby reducing the maximum internal power dissipation by a factor of approximately 4× for a 24 mA output current into a 10 Ω load.
The internal dc-to-dc converters require an external 5 V supply and can draw significant currents when the DAC outputs full-scale slew. A high efficiency external dc-to-dc converter circuit based on the ADP2300 is driven from the 15 V and supplies this voltage. The ADP2300 has excellent transient response to large current steps up to 800 mA and ensures proper operation of the boost converters as well as eliminating the need for a separate 5 V supply.
The entire circuit operates on ±15 V supplies that allow the DAC to provide voltage outputs that cover the industrial signal level range of up to ±10 V in addition to the 4 mA to 20 mA outputs. This combination of parts is a low cost, power efficient solution that minimizes the number of external components required and that ensures 16-bit performance for varying load conditions.
Figure 1. Current and Voltage Output DAC with Modified Power Scheme (Simplified Schematic: All Connections and Decoupling Not Shown)
Схемы и диаграммы
Быстро получите общее представление о схемотехнике решения
Печатные платы и ПО
Ускорьте разработку по готовому дизайну